Nomenclature: Kv7.1

Family: Voltage-gated potassium channels

Annotation status:  image of a green circle Annotated and expert reviewed. Please contact us if you can help with updates. 

Contents

Gene and Protein Information
Species TM P Loops AA Chromosomal Location Gene Symbol Gene Name Reference
Human 6 1 676 11p15.5 KCNQ1 potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member 1 33,37
Mouse 6 1 668 7 F5 Kcnq1 potassium voltage-gated channel, subfamily Q, member 1 3
Rat 6 1 669 1q41 Kcnq1 potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member 1 16
Previous and Unofficial Names
slow delayed rectifier
Kv7.1
KCNA8
KCNA9
KVLQT1
LQT
KCNA8
JLNS1
LQT1
Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome 1
IKs producing slow voltage-gated potassium channel subunit alpha KvLQT1
KQT-like 1
potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 1
potassium voltage-gated channel, KQT-like subfamily, member 1
potassium voltage-gated channel, subfamily Q, member 1
voltage-gated potassium channel subunit Kv7.1
AW559127
Database Links
ChEMBL Target
DrugBank Target
Ensembl Gene
Entrez Gene
GeneCards
GenitoUrinary Development Molecular Anatomy Project
HomoloGene
Human Protein Reference Database
InterPro
KEGG Gene
OMIM
Orphanet Gene
PharmGKB Gene
PhosphoSitePlus
Protein Ontology (PRO)
RefSeq Nucleotide
RefSeq Protein
TreeFam
UniGene Hs.
UniProtKB
Wikipedia
Associated Proteins
Heteromeric Pore-forming Subunits
Name References
Not determined
Auxiliary Subunits
Name References
KCNE5, minK-related peptide 4 (MiRP4) 2
KCNE4, minK-related peptide 3 (MiRP3) 11
KCNE3, minK-related peptide 2 (MiRP2) 27
KCNE1 (minK/IsK) 3
KCNE2, minK-related peptide 1 (MiRP1) 35
Other Associated Proteins
Name References
Yotiao 21
Protein kinase A 21
Protein phosphatase 1 21
Associated Protein Comments
Yotiao – targets Protein kinase A and protein phosphatase 1 to KCNQ1 [7,21]
Functional Characteristics
cardiac IK5
Ion Selectivity and Conductance
Species:  Human
Rank order:  K+ > Rb+ > Cs+ > Na+
References:  34
Species:  Human
Single channel conductance (pS):  1.8
References:  23
Ion Selectivity and Conductance Comments
  • cation selectivity rank order is K+ > Rb+ > Cs+ > Na+ (IKs KCNQ1) [30,34,38].
  • heteromeric KvLQT1/minK channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes show a threefold larger conductance (5.8 pS) [23].
Voltage Dependence
  V0.5 (mV)  τ (msec)  Reference  Cell type  Species 
Activation  9.0 360.0 – 8500.0 19 Ventricular myocytes Human
Inactivation  - -
Comments  Native IKs; tau at +50 mV
  V0.5 (mV)  τ (msec)  Reference  Cell type  Species 
Activation  -23.0 70.0 – 900.0 31 Xenopus laevis oocyte Human
Inactivation  -18.0 13.0 31
Comments  KCNQ1 alone; tau @ +20 mV
  V0.5 (mV)  τ (msec)  Reference  Cell type  Species 
Activation  8.0 0.68 – 8.0 26 Xenopus laevis oocyte Human
Inactivation  - -
Comments  KCNQ1+KCNE1; tau @ +40 mV
Associated subunits (Human)
minK and MiRP2
Activators
Key to terms and symbols View all chemical structures Click column headers to sort
Ligand Sp. Action Affinity Units Concentration range (M) Holding voltage (mV) Reference
mefenamic acid Hs - - - 1x10-4 - 1
Conc range: 1x10-4 M [1]
niflumic acid Hs Positive - - 1x10-4 - 6
Conc range: 1x10-4 M [6]
R-L3 Hs - 6.0 pEC50 1x10-6 - 25
pEC50 6.0 Conc range: 1x10-6 M [25]
zinc pyrithione Hs - 5.0 pEC50 1x10-5 - 36
pEC50 5.0 Conc range: 1x10-5 M [36]
PIP2 Hs - - - - - 20
[20]
Channel Blockers
Key to terms and symbols View all chemical structures Click column headers to sort
Ligand Sp. Action Affinity Units Concentration range (M) Holding voltage (mV) Reference
XE991 Hs Antagonist 6.11 pKd - - 32
pKd 6.11 [32]
IKs124 Hs - 8.1 pIC50 - - 12
pIC50 8.1 [12]
HMR-1556 Hs Antagonist 7.08 pIC50 - - 10
pIC50 7.08 [10]
L735821 Hs - 6.76 – 7.46 (median: 7.0) pIC50 - - 28-29
pIC50 6.76 – 7.46 (median: 7.0) [28-29]
azimilide Mm - 5.25 pIC50 - - 5
pIC50 5.25 [5]
chromanol 293B Hs Antagonist 5.04 pIC50 - - 10
pIC50 5.04 [10]
View species-specific channel blocker tables
Channel Blocker Comments
Block is for KCNQ1+KCNE1 channels; block of KCNQ1 alone is ~10-x more potent for XE991, ~10-x less potent for 293B or azimilide
Tissue Distribution
Heart = pancreas > kidney > lung = placenta
Species:  Human
Technique:  Northern Blot
References:  33
Heart, pancreas, intestine, stomach, kidney, lung, liver, thymus
Species:  Mouse
Technique:  In situ hybridisation
References:  9
Functional Assays
Cardiac action potentials
Species:  Rat
Tissue:  embryonic or neonatal hearts
Response measured:  prolonged action potentials
References: 
Physiological Functions
Repolarization of cardiac action potentials
Species:  Human
Tissue:  atrial, ventriclular
References:  3,26
When KCNQ1 coassembles with KCNE3, it forms a constitutively open channel that strongly resembles intestinal cAMP-stimulated potassium channel involved in chloride secretion
Species:  Human
Tissue:  intestine (crypt cells)
References:  27
Luminal secretion of K+ into endolymphatic space of inner ear
Species:  Mouse
Tissue:  Apical surface of vestibular dark cells of inner ear
References:  22,24
Phenotypes, Alleles and Disease Models Mouse data from MGI

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Allele Composition & genetic background Accession Phenotype Id Phenotype Reference
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004308 abnormal basilar membrane PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004140 abnormal chief cell morphology PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0000031 abnormal cochlea morphology
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0003308 abnormal cochlear sensory epithelium morphology PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004249 abnormal crista ampullaris morphology PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004409 abnormal crista ampullaris neuroepithelium morphology PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0001406 abnormal gait
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0003892 abnormal gastric gland PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0005209 abnormal gastric mucosa morphology PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004139 abnormal gastric parietal cell morphology PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0010508 abnormal heart electrocardiography waveform feature PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0010508 abnormal heart electrocardiography waveform feature PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0002729 abnormal inner ear canal morphology PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0000026 abnormal inner ear morphology PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0000035 abnormal membranous labyrinth PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004138 abnormal mucous neck cell morphology PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0002894 abnormal otolith morphology
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0002894 abnormal otolith morphology PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0006089 abnormal saccule morphology PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0002428 abnormal semicircular canal PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0000048 abnormal stria vascularis PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0003149 abnormal tectorial membrane morphology PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0010505 abnormal T wave PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0006090 abnormal utricle morphology PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004427 abnormal vestibular labyrinth PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0000034 abnormal vestibule morphology
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0000034 abnormal vestibule morphology PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0004763 absent brainstem auditory evoked potential PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004763 absent brainstem auditory evoked potential PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004405 absent cochlear hair cells PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0004737 absent distortion product otoacoustic emissions PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004301 absent organ of Corti supporting cells PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0006358 absent pinna reflex PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0006358 absent pinna reflex PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004325 absent vestibular hair cells PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004518 absent vestibular hair cell stereocilia PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0001395 bi-directional circling PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001395 bi-directional circling PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1vtg-4J Kcnq1vtg-4J/Kcnq1vtg-4J
B6.NOD-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0001395 bi-directional circling
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001625 cardiac hypertrophy PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1vtg-2J Kcnq1vtg-2J/Kcnq1vtg-2J
C3H/HeJ
MGI:108083  MP:0001394 circling
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0001394 circling
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001394 circling PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0002857 cochlear ganglion degeneration PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0004398 cochlear inner hair cell degeneration PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004398 cochlear inner hair cell degeneration PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0004404 cochlear outer hair cell degeneration PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004404 cochlear outer hair cell degeneration PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0006024 collapsed Reissner membrane PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0006024 collapsed Reissner membrane PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0006024 collapsed Reissner membrane PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1vtg-2J Kcnq1vtg-2J/Kcnq1vtg-2J
C3H/HeJ
MGI:108083  MP:0001967 deafness
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0001967 deafness PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001967 deafness PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001967 deafness PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1vtg-4J Kcnq1vtg-4J/Kcnq1vtg-4J
B6.NOD-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0001967 deafness
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0001262 decreased body weight PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0003145 detached otolithic membrane PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0003883 enlarged stomach PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0001410 head bobbing PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001410 head bobbing PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001410 head bobbing PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1vtg-2J Kcnq1vtg-2J/Kcnq1vtg-2J
C3H/HeJ
MGI:108083  MP:0005307 head tossing
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0005307 head tossing
Kcnq1vtg-4J Kcnq1vtg-4J/Kcnq1vtg-4J
B6.NOD-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0005307 head tossing
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0001399 hyperactivity PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001399 hyperactivity PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001399 hyperactivity PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0008001 hypochlorhydria PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0001525 impaired balance
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0001405 impaired coordination PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001523 impaired righting response PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0001522 impaired swimming PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004731 increased circulating gastrin level PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0002833 increased heart weight PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0008006 increased stomach pH PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0005211 increased thickness of gastric mucosa PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm4Kpfe Kcnq1tm4Kpfe/Kcnq1tm4Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0002169 no abnormal phenotype detected PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0000043 organ of Corti degeneration PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0003896 prolonged PR interval PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0010392 prolonged QRS complex duration PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0003233 prolonged QT interval PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm3Kpfe Kcnq1tm3Kpfe/Kcnq1tm3Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0003233 prolonged QT interval PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1+|Kcnq1tm3Kpfe Kcnq1tm3Kpfe/Kcnq1+
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0003233 prolonged QT interval PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0003233 prolonged QT interval PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0010323 retropulsion
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0008308 small scala media PMID: 11120752  15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001411 spinning PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0001408 stereotypic behavior PMID: 11120752 
Kcnq1tm2Kpfe Kcnq1tm2Kpfe/Kcnq1tm2Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6 * FVB/N
MGI:108083  MP:0006330 syndromic hearing impairment PMID: 15498462 
Kcnq1tm1Kpfe Kcnq1tm1Kpfe/Kcnq1tm1Kpfe
involves: 129S1/Sv * 129X1/SvJ * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0006330 syndromic hearing impairment PMID: 11226272 
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004364 thin stria vascularis PMID: 15891643 
Kcnq1vtg-3J Kcnq1vtg-3J/Kcnq1vtg-3J
C57BL/6J-Kcnq1/J
MGI:108083  MP:0000745 tremors
Kcnq1tm1Apf Kcnq1tm1Apf/Kcnq1tm1Apf
involves: 129P2/OlaHsd * C57BL/6
MGI:108083  MP:0004334 utricular macular degeneration PMID: 15891643 
Clinically-Relevant Mutations and Pathophysiology
Disease:  Long QT syndrome (autosomal recessive Romano-Ward syndrome or autosomal recessive Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome)
OMIM:  192500
Orphanet:  101016
Role: 
Drugs: 
Therapeutic use:  Activators are being explored as potential therapy for LQTS
References:  15
Click column headers to sort
Type Species Molecular location Description Reference
Deletion Human several
Missense Human several 33
Disease:  Short QT syndrome and/or atrial fibrillation
OMIM:  609621
Orphanet:  51083
Role: 
References:  4,13
Click column headers to sort
Type Species Molecular location Description Reference
Missense Human S140G 8
Missense Human V307L, V141M 4,13
Disease:  Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome 1; JLNS1
OMIM:  220400
Orphanet:  90647
References: 
Mutations not determined
Disease:  Atrial fibrillation, familial, 3; ATFB3
OMIM:  607554
Orphanet:  334
References: 
Mutations not determined
Gene Expression and Pathophysiology
Imprinting: early developmental expression is maternal in origin. Maternal repression of Kcnq1 in mouse is controlled by DNA methylation originating in the oocyte
Tissue or cell type:  multiple
Pathophysiology:  deletion of multiple genes in Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (overgrowth disorder with increased risk of pediatric tumours); pathology probably unrelated to deletion of KCNQ1
Species:  Mouse
Technique: 
References:  17-18
Biologically Significant Variants
Type:  Splice variant
Species:  Human
Description:  Isoform 1
Amino acids:  676
Nucleotide accession: 
Protein accession: 
Type:  Splice variant
Species:  Human
Description:  Isoform 2
Amino acids:  549
Nucleotide accession: 
Protein accession: 
References:  14
Biologically Significant Variant Comments
Variant 1 encodes the predominant isoform 1. Variant 2 differs in the 5' UTR and CDS,compared to variant 1. Isoform 2 has a shorter and distinct N-terminus compared to isoform 1 and causes dominant-negative suppression of KCNQ1 channel function.

REFERENCES

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To cite this database page, please use the following:

K. George Chandy, Stephan Grissmer, George A. Gutman, Michel Lazdunski, David Mckinnon, Luis A. Pardo, Gail A. Robertson, Bernardo Rudy, Michael C. Sanguinetti, Walter Stühmer, Xiaoliang Wang.
Voltage-gated potassium channels: Kv7.1. Last modified on 31/01/2014. Accessed on 21/10/2014. IUPHAR database (IUPHAR-DB), http://www.iuphar-db.org/DATABASE/ObjectDisplayForward?objectId=560.

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